About Cocaine Addiction
Cocaine is a powerful stimulant derived from the coca plants of South America or prepared synthetically. It can be used by medical personnel as local anesthetic for some surgeries; however it is extremely addictive and is found on the streets in the form of fine, white crystals or powder. The popular names of cocaine are:
Cocaine is a feel good drug which increases the availability of dopamine in the brain. Dopamine is a neurotransmitter which makes one feel good or euphoric. The various ways of abusing cocaine include snorting, smoking and intravenous injections. Cocaine abuse though fatal can be treated and the first step is to detox the body from the adverse effects of cocaine.
Effects of Cocaine on the Body
The pleasurable and feel good effects of Cocaine make it a very popular drug. However, continuous use of cocaine may cause long-term changes in the brain’s reward circuit, which may lead to addiction. Cocaine abuse damages the body severely. Here are a few basic effects of cocaine on different organs of the body:
Heart: Increased risk of heart attack due to buildup of cholesterol in the arteries.
Eyes: Cocaine can cause dilated pupils, making eyes sensitive to bright light.
Body Temperature: Constant use of cocaine increases the body heat and if someone is involved in a lot of physical activity, chances are he/she might experience heatstroke.
Blood Flow: The buildup of cholesterol in the arteries hampers the blood flow to major organs.
Digestive System: The reduced blood flow can cause the bowels to become gangrenous, resulting in chronic diarrhea.
Psychology: Chronic cocaine abuse may lead to temporary psychosis which can cause hallucinations.
Respiratory System: Snorting cocaine can damage the sensitive membrane of the nose leading to chronic nosebleeds and loss of ability to smell.
Symptoms of Cocaine Addiction
- Constricted blood vessels
- Faster heartbeat
- Extreme happiness and energy
- Severe bowel decay
- Higher risk of contracting HIV, hepatitis C, and other bloodborne diseases
- Severe paranoia with auditory hallucinations
Withdrawal Symptoms of Cocaine
Unlike opiates and majority drugs, cocaine withdrawal does not include severe muscle aches, and vomiting. However, since cocaine mainly increases the dopamine availability, withdrawal symptoms are also mostly psychological. Withdrawal is the first phase of recovery and at Akua, we provide a warm and caring environment where the individual can undergo cocaine withdrawal treatment with the help of our dedicated clinical team. Here are some of the basic withdrawal symptoms of cocaine addiction:
- Increased appetite
- Unpleasant dreams and insomnia
- Slowed thinking
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How Akua Can be Helpful
Cocaine detox is the first stage of recovery and has the following characteristics:
- 24 hour supervision
- Gender-specific recovery programs
- Psychiatric and nursing support
- Group and individual counseling and therapy
- Prepare the clients for the next phase of the treatment
This is the second stage of recovery and usually has the following traits:
- The duration may vary depending on the severity, though it typically lasts for 30 days
- Gender-specific recovery programs
- 24×7 guidance and support from our clinical team
- Nutritious diet plans and meals prepared by our private chef
- Recreational activities on weekends such as movies, beach activities, etc. under the supervision of the staff
This is the last stage of recovery has the following traits:
- The typical duration is of 20 -30 sessions which translates to 30-45 days
- Mindfulness relapse prevention
- Evening meetings (AA or any other 12 step meeting)
- Group and individual assignments
- Transportation and housing provided