Alcohol is extremely addictive because the body builds up a tolerance and dependence on it. When someone goes without drinking for a short period, they will most likely experience alcohol withdrawal.
Withdrawal is one of the most life-threatening side effects associated with alcohol abuse. In fact, physicians state that alcohol is often the most dangerous substance for the body to withdraw from, especially if attempted without medical supervision.
Symptoms associated with alcohol withdrawal range from mild to severe, and generally begin between 6 and 72 hours after the last drink.
Mild symptoms tend to begin within six to eight hours of discontinued alcohol use:
Moderate symptoms usually begin 12 to 48 hours after the last drink:
Severe symptoms can be life-threatening and begin 48 to 72 hours after the last drink:
Medical detoxification is necessary for severe withdrawal symptoms. Anyone experiencing the first signs of alcohol withdrawal needs to seek medical help immediately in order to prevent the deadly effects.
Those who are at risk of alcohol withdrawal should be monitored in a medical setting in case they are in need of medical intervention. A slowly tapered dose of benzodiazepines is usually administered to prevent severe withdrawal effects such as seizures, benzodiazepines work on the same receptors in the brain as alcohol, they can help to alleviate the physical withdrawal symptoms.
The individual is then weaned off of the benzodiazepine medication until they are no longer at risk of physical alcohol withdrawal symptoms. Individuals may still experience alcohol cravings and the desire to drink. Therefore, they should undergo long-term alcohol treatment where they can develop coping skills to manage their triggers and control their cravings.
AKUA Mind and Body is a full-service treatment program that offers a wide range of “east meets west” treatment modalities for many different populations struggling with substance use and mental health disorders. We offer both intensive inpatient programs as well as outpatient treatment. AKUA Mind & Body works diligently with each client and their family to ensure that their treatment plan is specifically tailored to their needs, and not just their disorder.
Depending on the severity of the alcohol use disorder, alcohol withdrawal usually begins six to eight hours after the last drink and can last up to six days.
Alcohol withdrawal should always be managed in a controlled medical setting where medications can be given to alleviate the physical withdrawal symptoms and stabilize the individual’s vitals such as heart rate and blood pressure.
Those diagnosed with alcoholism are at risk for withdrawal. The diagnosis of alcoholism is based on an individual’s drinking history. There are several assessments health care professionals use to screen individuals for alcohol abuse including the 10-question Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT), the abbreviated 3-question Audit-Consumption (Audit-C) and the CAGE questionnaire.
Answering “yes” to the following CAGE questions indicates a higher risk for alcohol withdrawal: